Jinkushal Cardiac Care & Superspeciality hospital


2D Echocardiography or 2D Echo is a heart test in which an ultrasound technique is used to take pictures of the heart. It shows a cross-sectional view of the beating heart, chambers, valves and the major blood vessels of the heart. Doppler is a special element of the 2D Echo test that assesses blood flow in the heart. Cardiologist recommends a 2D Echo test for people who experience abnormal pain in the chest area, breathlessness, blood pressure etc.

How is 2D Echo done?

A 2D Echo test is done by a cardiologist. A colourless gel is applied to the chest area. The patient is asked to sleep. The cardiologist moves the transducer across the various parts of the chest to get specific/desired views of the heart.
The cardiologist gives instructions to the patient such as breathing slowly or holding breath. This helps in getting superior-quality images of heart functions. The images are viewed on the monitor and recorded on paper, video or DVD. The cardiologist later assesses and analyzes the recordings deeply.

What it detects?
  • 2D Echo is a very crucial test to detect malfunctions of the heart such as.
  • Size of the chambers, volume and thickness of the heart walls.
  • Heart pumping functions such as normal or reduced to a mild/severe degree
  • Heart Valve function – structure, thickness and leakage of heart’s valves.
  • Volume status
  • Pericardial effusion (fluid in the pericardium – the sac that surrounds the heart)
  • congenital heart disease
  • blood clots or tumours, abnormal elevation of pressure within the lungs etc.
How long does 2D Echocardiography take?

2D Echo test is done within 5-15 minutes. It can also take much longer time in case of many heart issues.

How safe is echocardiography?

2D Echo test is completely safe and has no side effects on the heart or other parts of the body. Ultrasound waves which are emitted by 2D Echo are not risky to the human body. Also, there is no need for any type of special preparations for the patients.